Menu Close

A Short Guide On Goat Care

Today, more and more people are discovering the fun of raising goats. It was not too long ago when goats are among the lowest on the list of pet animals. Now, raising goats is suddenly on the upswing, either as pets or even as a business.

Unfortunately, many people do not know a whit about proper goat care.

Thanks to dedicated farmers and other goat lovers, taking care of goats is discovered to be not that difficult. 

Short history 

Goats are said to be one of the oldest animals domesticated by man. They provide milk, meat, hair, and skin. Aside from drinking, goat’s milk can be processed into butter, ice cream, and cheese.

The bucks (males) have a strong smell and will affect the milk of does (females) if they are not separated. The kids (young goats) are playful and curious and can be trained not to fear people. The wethers are castrated, males.  

Food 

For non-free range goats, feeding is done twice daily. Some raisers mixed their goat food comprising crimped oats, dairy goat pellets, and sunflower seeds.

There must be water for them throughout the day. (Cool fresh water in summer and warm water in winter.)

Goats must also have hay available to them all day. Raisers usually provide a mixture of alfalfa, timothy, and orchard grass. Food and water must be placed on sturdy, upraised feeders where the goats cannot soil them.

Since they are browsers, goats are ideally raised free-range where they rummage through all kinds of grass, leaves, and bush plants. Carefully check which plants in the area are toxic to them.

Shelter

Goats hate rain and mud. They need a proper shed to protect them from rain, snow, and (cold) wind. 

Some owners keep cabinets inside these shelters for goats to sleep off the ground. Goats love warm and dry places. It is important to keep these places always clean and dry to keep off bacteria. 

Outside these shelters, there should be some place for your non-free range goats to roam and frolic. A small rock pile and some other objects for them to play-jump with would be ideal.

Health 

Kids (young goats) should be properly immunized, usually with Bar-Vac CDT (clostridium perfringens types C & D tetanus toxoid). They should get a booster Bar-Vac CDT injection at one-year-old (and every year after that).

They need to be de-wormed at least four times a year. De-wormers also kill external parasites (lice, ticks, fleas, etc.).

Don’t overfeed your goats because they will accumulate gas. (Baking soda usually relieves this.) Baking soda helps goats in their digestion and keeping in check their urine acidity. Goats know when they need to eat baking soda and how much they need. 

A healthy goat has bright eyes, smooth coat, a good appetite, and alert. Teary or cloudy eyes might mean infection. 

A dull coat might mean they have parasites. Hunched backs and droopy tails show something is wrong, especially if they refuse to eat.

Other tips

Never raise a single goat. Goats are herd animals. Keep as many as you can. They have distinct personalities, are affectionate, and hang around people to get a good scratch. Goat care is not a chore. 

 

A Short Guide On Goat Care

A Short Guide On Goat Care

error: Content is protected !!